An ebike is just like a “normal” bike, but with an added battery and electric motor to assist you in riding. Typically, it’s a hybrid transportation form since some power comes from the motor and the rider. They are a popular way to get around because they make pedaling effortless and have numerous environmental benefits.
In addition, they’re energy-efficient, low-cost, and have physical advantages despite the added motor. Contrary to popular belief, ebikes have better physical benefits than regular bikes despite the added motor. According to research at the University of Zurich, people who use ebikes get more exercise weekly than those riding normal bikes.
Another benefit of electric bikes is that they can go quite a bit faster than your normal push-pedal bike. But how fast do ebikes go? This article answers that question and goes into everything you need to know about what can impact your speed.
How Do Ebikes Work?
Ebikes use additional components such as the sensor, electric display, motor, and battery. When an individual pushes down on the pedals, the motor engages to give the rider a boost, which makes it easier to cruise over long distances and climb hills.
So, unlike e-scooters, ebikes don’t move, and the labor is distributed between the bikes and the rider. The sensor recognizes the pedal movements and the motor generates power for the hub or wheels. Different classes of ebikes largely depend on the amount of pedal assist and the motor they have.
How Fast Do Ebikes Go?
How fast ebikes go is a question that’s more complex than it seems. So, an ebike can go as fast as you can pedal it, and the battery capacity. However, most ebikes halt, providing electric assistance while pedaling up to 20 mph for class 1 and 2 bikes and 28 mph for class 3 ebikes.
On the other hand, the fastest ebikes available have higher top sides but don’t fit the present classification system. Besides the higher mass of most ebikes compared to regular bikes, you can comfortably surpass 20 and 28 mph on ebikes on a steep drop from inertia alone. The ebikes don’t give you pedal assistance above the class-defined speeds.
Different Classes of Ebikes
Electric bikes are categorized into Classes 1, 2, and 3. The categories are based on the ebike’s speed, operation, and wattage.
Ebikes in Class 1 have a single motor that can only work once you push the pedals and have the pedal-assist mode. This means you can’t fully operate it even with electricity if you don’t push the pedals. Under this category, you can only enjoy an e-bike speed of up to 20mph, with a maximum motor wattage of 750W. However, with a Class 1 ebike, you can preserve your battery and enjoy longer mileage.
Class 2 ebikes have a full speed of up to 20 mph. The main difference from a Class 1 model is that Class 2 has a drive system activated by a throttle. You can grip, twist the throttle system or push a button, typically found on the handlebars. So, bikes with both a throttle system and pedal assist are categorized under Class 2. Using the pedal assist, you can reach a speed of 15 mph in full electricity or a top speed of 24mph. An example of Class 2 ebikes include the Ecotric Vortex 36V/12.5Ah 350W, pictured below. the Nakto Ranger 36V/10Ah 350 Electric Mountain Bike.
Under the Class 3 category, ebikes may not require throttles but have upgraded motors of 750W. You can reach up to 28 mph full speed with a Class 3 ebike. These ebikes have specific regulations and rules. Because of the top speed, only those above 17 can use them. You could also require motor licensing and other requirements with these ebikes. If unsure, consult your local ebike laws before purchasing or using one.
Calculating Your Top Speed
It’s common for bike enthusiasts to ask how fast ebikes go. To determine your top speed, you must account for several factors below. If you’re not satisfied with your ebike’s speed, there are several things to enhance the speed, which we will also cover below.
The rider’s weight and any cargo play a major role in determining the top speed of your ebike. The heavier the rider and cargo, the more power you’ll require to reach top speeds, and the cargo will increase the drag, further reducing the top speed. The wind resistance will also play a factor, as you’ll require more energy when the wind resistance is high.
The ebike’s motor is the main source of speed and power and can substantially impact the top speed. The motor acts as the ebike’s engine generating power to the wheels. Also, the motor type determines the speed and the ambient noise levels. For instance, the hub motors, located in the center of the wheel, usually offer lower top speeds than the mid-drive motors found near the pedals. In addition, the size of the motor affects the speed, with larger motors producing higher speeds than the smaller motors.
The battery capacity affects how long your ebike can maintain its top speed. A larger battery capacity can power the motor for longer periods, allowing the e-bike to reach top speeds for extended periods. You should ensure your battery is fully charged, as a low-running battery will make the ebike slower. When your battery is low, the ebike starts to sputter and won’t provide as much power and as consistently.
Tire Size & Pressure
Larger tires create more rolling resistance, which can lower the top speed. If you want to enhance your ebike speed, consider the tires you use. Most people prefer fat tires since they’re cushy and nice and can roll over everything easily. However, to make your ebike go faster, you should use slim tires mainly due to the power required and the rolling resistance.
Besides, you should ensure you use the correct tire pressure, as low pressure will require more power and increase the rolling resistance. The low pressure also makes the tires more prone to punctures.
How to Use an Ebike Safely
When riding your ebike on the road or anywhere, it’s always important to stick to any recommended safety tips and the safety tips on road biking. Below are a few ebike safety tips to consider before taking your ebike out:
- Wear a helmet
- Wear appropriate clothing
- Watch out for other pedestrians and vehicles
- Limit distractions
- Watch out for your speed
- Brake as early as possible
- Obey the traffic laws
- Remember to signal
- Ensure your ebike is well-maintained
- Take care when dismounting and mounting
So, How Fast Do Ebikes Go?
An electric bike is an innovative solution for riders who want to use less effort in biking but want to take longer trips. The ebike has an electric driving system that can level up your riding experience as you don’t have to exert too much effort to push the pedals. However, to ensure you purchase the right ebike for your needs, you should consider the class you want, as different classes have different characteristics.
You can also increase your ebike’s top speed by making simple adjustments such as using slimmer tires, getting a better motor and battery, and using full tire pressure. You might also be interested in this article “10 Quick & Dirty Tips to Prolong Your Electric Bike Range.”