Your ebike’s battery is the most valuable component, so knowing how it works saves you a lot of trouble in the future.
Your ebike battery management system, voltage, and range are the most helpful features to note.
They help you plan your rides and maintain your ebike battery better, and it all starts with finding out if your ebike battery management system (BMS) is present.
If your ebike battery already has one, here is why it is safer than a battery with a faulty/without a BMS.
First, here is why your ebike battery BMS is essential and why even professional riders miss this crucial feature.
Importance of Knowing Your Ebike Battery BMS
The ebike battery management system is mandatory for each battery but isn’t always included in the product description.
That’s why most riders can go through the entire battery life without knowing if it had a BMS or how it helped them protect the cells to serve that long.
All Lithium-ion (Li-ion) ebike batteries are equipped with an ebike battery monitor, but you won’t find this system in Lead acid (Pb acid) batteries.
That is because Li-ion ebike batteries are susceptible to overheating, possibly resulting in a small fire.
The New York Fire Department reported they opened 114 investigations into ebike battery fires as of July 2023.
Ebike battery BMS monitors your ebike battery and protects it from being the 115th case. Below are the main features and types of ebike batteries with BMS systems.
Understanding Your Ebike Battery Management System
Before breaking down the ebike battery BMS, below are your battery’s main features that explain how much power it produces.
You need this information to get the correct battery when replacing or upgrading your battery.
They include the voltage, capacity, and wattage.
Your ebike battery capacity is the rate at which your ebike battery generates power from the cell’s chemical reactions.
It is expressed as an hourly rate of Amperes per hour (Ah), where competent batteries produce 10 -14 ah.
Your ebike battery’s wattage is expressed in Watts (W) - the combined force generated when your battery’s voltage and capacity act on each other.
Calculate your ebike battery wattage by multiplying the capacity and voltage to get the watt rate, expressed in Watts/hour (Wh).
Typical bike motors consume up to 750 watts from your battery. Still, the average battery produces between 300-700 W.
This information is helpful when calculating your ebike range to know how much throttle or pedal assist to use on the journey.
Voltage, measured as Volts (V), is the total electric force generated by your ebike battery cells, which work around the clock to power long and short-distance rides.
Did you know your battery has multiple cells, operating between 3.0-4.2 volts each? Your ebike battery cells are connected in a series instead of a parallel connection to generate a cumulative voltage.
If your ebike battery has ten 3.7V cells in a series, it produces a cumulative 37 Volts when all cells are fully charged. The best ebike batteries produce a total of 36-48 Volts. The more cells in your battery, the more power it has; it’s as easy as that.
That’s where your BMS for ebike battery is helpful.
Importance of BMS for Ebike Battery
Your ebike battery needs an intelligent battery management system to monitor the cells and regulate their charge levels.
The ebike battery management system protects it from:
- Deep discharging
- Short circuits
- Fault detection
Charging your battery means each cell has a maximum voltage capacity of around 4.2 V. This charge reduces to 3.0V or slightly lower when discharged.
With the help of voltage charts, you can know how your battery’s voltage affects its charging and discharging rates and what to expect.
Some cells charge fully before others, and the same goes for discharging. Your battery cells must balance so the fully charged cells don’t overcharge as the other cells recharge.
Your e bike battery monitor keeps the voltage of each cell in the series connection in check during charging.
It discharges the fully charged cells accordingly so they don’t overcharge and overheat your battery or stay undercharged and lose capacity.
Overcharging causes your battery’s temperature to rise and, though rare, leads to small fires. It also reduces your battery’s life span, so it doesn’t last as long as it should.
On the other hand, your ebike battery BMS prevents excessive current flow, which damages your battery.
The good thing is that your ebike battery BMS alerts you in case of faulty battery operations like overheating by flashing the ebike battery indicator lights.
Your ebike battery’s BMS collects all this data to ensure your ebike battery operates at optimum levels, so your battery can also last longer on long-distance rides.
Here are the best examples of ebike batteries with in-built BMS.
Best Ebike BMS - Equipped Battery
Looking for an ebike BMS battery? Look no further than Electric Bike Paradise, your authentic ebike supplies shop.
Here are the best ebike batteries available for your ebike.
Emojo Spare Electric Bike/Trike Battery
- Has BMS
- 48V/15 ah capacity
- For Emojo ebikes and trikes
- E bike battery level indicator
Take your adventures further with the Emojo spare battery for electric bikes and trikes, and forget about the disappointment of a low battery warning - because you have backup power.
The Powerful 48V/15 ah battery has a battery BMS with an e bike battery level indicator that alerts you when your battery is low or fully charged.
This helps you avoid overcharging your battery and completely depleting it so it stays in peak operation during its lifespan.
Bikonit USA LG Spare Electric Bike Battery
- Runs on LG Chem 21700 cells
- Advanced BMS and cell balance
- Integrated charge level indicator
- 48V/15 ah capacity
Power up with the Bikonit spare ebike battery’s top-shelf LG Chem 21700 cells, regulated by an advanced battery management system that makes it 100% safe and reliable.
The ebike battery is fashioned with an intelligent dual-balancing module, which balances the cells and protects your battery from overcharging, undercharging, and overheating.
The 48V/15 ah capacity battery also has an integrated indicator that tells you when to charge your battery and when to unplug it from the charger.
Revi Bikes Lithium Battery for Predator Ebike
- Samsung Li-ion battery
- 48V/13 ah (624 wh) capacity
- 30-40 mile range
- E bike battery level indicator
Boss the off-roads like a predator with this Revi Bikes Samsung Lithium-ion replacement battery for Predator ebikes.
It has a 48V/13 Ah capacity, with a total battery range of 30-40 miles on a full charge, so you can reach your destination and return in time for your favorite show.
The battery’s charge level indicator ensures you stay in the loop of how much charge you have left so that you can plan your power usage wisely.
Ebike Battery Management System - FAQs
Below are some of the pressing questions about the ebike battery management system.
How do I know if my ebike battery has a BMS?
To check whether your battery has a BMS system, carefully slide your battery cells to locate it. You will see the BMS chip under the cells if you need an ebike battery BMS reset or want to upgrade your battery.
Avoid opening your ebike battery's components without a skilled technician's help to prevent electrical injuries.
Does an ebike battery BMS prolong my ebike battery range?
An ebike battery BMS indirectly prolongs your battery range. The BMS on your battery helps it recharge safely and protects it from overheating, improving its performance.
That way, you get better ranges from your battery.
Electric Bike Paradise- Wrap Up
They have all the safety features you need for better rides. Enjoy your ride, mate.