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What Is An Electric Bike? The Ultimate Electric Bike Buying Guide 2020

Everybody just needs to be physically involved, biking, playing, or some sort of physical activity that will make us sweat. Cycling, as a means of fitness and a method of travel, has been well known for a while. You can find many styles of electric bikes in the busy streets of urban and rural areas, daunting roads and mountain cliffs, from the daily use of e-bikes such as electric road bikes to high-performance bikes such as electric mountain bikes. Biking has proved its worth across the years, helping both the consumer and the community.

Cycling, as an evergreen method of traveling, is a perfect way to refresh while moving to various places. The electric bike, often known as an e-bike, is a type of bicycle strengthened by the installation of an electronic motor for increased strength and propulsion. Electric city bikes may be compact or big while retaining pedal strength. E-bikes use rechargeable batteries to bring you to your destination quicker and in better shape. In brief, electric bikes have low-cost, energy-efficient, and emissions-free transportation, which also has physical and environmental benefits.

Until the Second World War, many communities in Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, and mainland China employed bicycles as part of their everyday transportation. Currently, the usage of affordable, more environmentally sustainable modes of transport, such as electric bikes, is increasing due to the shortage and demand increase of oil and petroleum products.

Electric Bikes: A Brief History

The first versions of electric bicycles emerged towards the end of the 19th century. Many Americans also licensed their inventions with the patent office, which goes back to the late 1800s. A guy named Ogden Bolton made his ideas in 1895, a basic battery-powered bicycle, preceded by Hosea Libbey, who built a bike with a double electric engine. Models of electric bikes with torque sensors and power controls were popular in the late 1990s. The first commercially popular electric bike model was launched in 1997 and called Select. In the early 2000s, two large Japanese firms, Yamaha and Panasonic, became the most significant mass manufacturer of electric bikes.

The key feature of electric bikes comprises a conventional bicycle frame with pedals and a compact electric motor with rechargeable batteries. The strength of such engines differs from the configuration in which the popular engines achieve average speeds of up to 15 miles per hour and up to 20 miles per hour. The first recognized types of motors used to date are the direct-drive and the geared form. The transfer of power from the engine to the wheel is through the drive mechanism, which involves a chain drive, a belt-drive, a hub drive, and a friction drive. Some of the early versions of an electric bike from 1980 had a solar charging port, which was used to replenish onboard batteries.

How Do Electric Bikes Work?

Parts of an Electric Bike Parts of an Electric Bike

The electric bicycle looks like a regular bike, a conventional frame composed of rims, tires, helmets, saddles, handles, forks, and more. The distinction between an e-bike and a regular bike is the inclusion of a hydraulic frame, a battery, control mechanisms and sensors, an electric motor, a brake, and a pedal sensor. Technically speaking, the battery delivers electrical power to the engine and is usually recharged by an electricity grid or a solar panel, in some instances. Once the rider begins to push, the pedaling sensors transmit a signal to the engine, supplying power that will support the biker in steep hills and long-distance riding.

How To Operate The Electric Bike?

An electric bike is a standard bike at its heart. The electric bike only relies on external components that function together to enable it to operate; the electric motor, the battery, the sensor, and the electrical monitor. Most electric bikes should be fitted with a pedal-assist feature. The pedal-assist system in the electric bike makes it possible for the rider to still get a workout, but with an added boost to make their ride easier. There are three working modes in the pedal-assist system (in some models) that are entirely pedal-assist, electrical-assist, and full-electric.

Full pedal: You can ride an electric bike at any moment, much as you can for a normal one. There's no extra resistance to the engine, so it'll feel exactly like a regular bike would do. Based on the model you choose, the bike will come with three gears up to eight gears.

Electric pedal assists: You may take advantage of combined human and electrical strength in this mode. When this feature is turned on through the on/off button on the handlebar, the engine can softly transmit electrical power when you push. You may also turn gears when the landscape shifts to take advantage of a higher torque or quicker speed. Using the pedal-assist could give you an incredible feeling of using the pedal-assist mode, as it makes cycling effortless and enables you just to enjoy yourself and the scenery.

Pedal-assist mode offers three rates of assistance; low assistance with at least 30 percent of total capacity, medium assistance with up to 60 percent full strength, and heavy assistance with up to 100 percent capacity. The power percentage basically shows how much extra power the engine can have to support the pedaling. The small level applies an additional 30% of the pedaling strength, while the medium intensity assistance effectively doubles it. Just press the button to switch you to different configurations.

Full-electric mode: Full-electric mode helps you sit back and rest while you let the motor operate. To use the full-electric mode, rotate the throttle on the left-hand handlebar and you'll feel the motor kick in and drive you along. Keep the throttle turned to continue or let go if you're ready to start pedaling or want to stop.

Different Types of Electric Bikes 

Over recent years, the demand for electric bikes has gradually increased. Since there are a lot of users and bike enthusiasts who have taken advantage of electric bikes, a variety of types of electric bikes are on the market.

When it comes to buying an electric bike, two fundamental categories will help you narrow down the field: style and quality. Each of these considerations should help you shorten your search and find the right e-bike for your unique needs.

Cycle enthusiasts of all sorts start to go electrically, including mountain bikers and road bikers who want to get some support along the way. As a response, there are several styles on the market, such as electric road bikes, eMTBs, and dirt e-bikes. Motors and batteries have been designed into frames that look like traditional bikes, as well as those developed specifically for the modern world.

There are some styles of hybrid commuter bikes available on the market right now. Such types include electric commuter bikes, electric folding bikes, electric cruiser bikes, and electric cargo bikes. 

Electric Mountain Bikes

An electric mountain bike, also known as eMTB, is a form of a mountain bike equipped with an electric motor that assists you every time you pedal. The electric MTB doesn't have a throttle, which is why pedaling is required to improve your power. The assistance device connected to the electric mountain bike will lend you added power to the pedaling movement, which will enable you to handle some types of obstacles and let you appreciate the journey.

 

 

Price range: $1000 - $5000

 

Powerful features:

  • Powerful for the most rugged trails
  • Extreme bike performance and great for long-distance travels
  • Bring them anywhere without worrying about losing range

 

Featured product: 

 

In this segment, our best-seller is the Rambo Bikes The Nomad 48V 750W Fat Tire Electric Hunting Bike 750 XPC11/ XPS (seen in the image). The Rambo Bikes The Nomad 48V 750W Fat Tire Electric Hunting Bike 750 XPC11/ XPS have 750-watt motor, giving you plenty of power reserve for tackling poor roads or rocky trails. The bike can reach up to 19 miles per hour on throttle alone. With its power, you will have no problems riding steep grades or on or snowy trails. The motor is encased in a weatherproof housing with bump guard so you can use the bike even if it is raining.

Electric Cruiser Bikes

The electric bike cruiser is specifically built for cruising. Electric cruiser bikes are built for convenience and elegance when you're on a journey. Usually, cruiser electric bikes have full, plush seats, and wide handlebars swept back towards the driver. For most versions, the pedals are mounted further forward, enabling the driver to put both feet on the ground in the stop areas. The cruiser e-bicycles are enjoyable to ride because of the big soft seats and wide handlebars and the upright stance, rendering the entire cruising process easy to get around. 

Price range: $1000 - $5000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance motor 
  • Can travel up to 25 mph
  • Perfect for beach and relaxing ambiance

 

Featured product:

Our best-seller cruiser electric bike is the American Electric Veller 36 Volt 10 Amps Cruiser Electric Bicycle AEV-IVRY (as seen on the image), powered with 350 watts lithium-ion battery with the powerful rear hub motor.

Electric Commuter Bikes

An electric commuter bike, also called electric road bike or hybrid bike, is an electric bicycle designed to be used in both smooth and extreme terrains. The e-commuter bike is a hybrid of a mountain bike for the suspension system, and dirt bikes for maneuverability and speed control. The electric commuter bikes have an innovative assistive system installed to help you in pedaling by giving you a boost. The integration of the assistive system in the electric road bikes will give you an extra boost, and you'll get a lot of speed with limited effort. 

Price range: $1000 - $4000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance motor great for daily use
  • Can travel up to 20 mph
  • Perfect for city and off-road tracks

Featured product:

Our best-seller electric commuter bike is the BTN E-Bike 48V 15.6Ah Commuter Fat Tire Electric Bike FAT-AWD (as seen on the image), and has a range of 40 miles and features a half-twist throttle and pedal assist.

Electric Cargo Bikes

Cargo electric bike, or simply known as cargo e-bike and freight e-bike, is a type of electric bike with an added capability of carrying goods and materials or persons on a certain purpose. Cargo electric bikes provide an impressive, flexible, and reliable means of transport for all those who want to carry freight, children, freight, parcels, food, and much more. Power freight bikes are often referred to as a car replacement vehicle, in which it may also replace a car belonging to an individual family. The use of freight electric bicycles has proved to be a safe and perfect choice for those who want to cut prices, have time to workout, and gain energy. This will also save your wallet, your fuel bill, increase your overall health, and conserve the world. 

Price range: $2000 - $7000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance engine
  • Can run up to 25 mph
  • Great for people that carry additional loads

Featured product:

Our best-seller cargo electric bike is the BTN E-Bike 48V 11.6Ah Electric Cargo Bike G20-CARGO (as seen on the image). The bike has a range of 30 miles, equipped with 500W mid-drive motor, and has a convenient, low step frame with cargo provisions.

Electric Folding Bikes

The electric folding bicycle, also known as folding e-bikes, is like an ordinary pedal-powered bicycle, but with an electric motor and battery installed, which assists, reduces effort, and makes your journey faster. The electric scooters work by engaging a throttle after an initiation. Electric folding bikes offer powered pedal-assistance, supplementing the energy that you put in each pedal stroke.

Price range: $1000 - $3000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance motor 
  • Can run up to 25mph
  • Perfect for on-the-go people

Featured product:


Our best-seller folding electric bike is the Green Bike USA GB LOW STEP 500 500W Folding Electric Bike (as seen on the image), the GB500 is a 20'' full suspension folding electric bike that can run up to 60 miles range at 20 mph.

Fat Tire Electric Bikes

The fat tire electric bikes come in many styles, like in cruiser and mountain bikes. The fat tire electric bikes are sometimes called off-road or adventure bikes built to accommodate different terrains. The fat tire electric bikes are known for their fat tires that are at least two inches to four inches wider than a typical tire. However, the wheels of the fat tire electric bikes require oversized rear and front forks, which enlarges the frame’s overall size. The fat tire electric bikes can be ridden comfortably on paved roads, in which the extra thickness of the tires can move across sand, snow, and a variety of other challenging terrains. 

Price range: $1000 - $5000

Powerful features:

  • A high-performance motor that boosts your speed every time you pedal
  • Most models of fat tire electric bike can run up to 25mph up to 30 mph
  •  Perfect use for both city and off-road tracks 

 

Featured product: 

In this segment, our best-seller is the Rattan LM 750W Fat Tire Electric Bike LM750 (as seen on the image), features a powerful 750W high-speed brushless motor, a 48V 13AH lithium battery, maximum speed ranging to 32 mph, mileage of 60 up to 80 miles, and 20 inches, 4 inch wide fat tires.

Step-Thru Electric Bikes

The step-through electric bikes are great for daily use, for busy people, cycling enthusiasts, and people with mobility issues. You would enjoy the ride effortlessly using a pedal-assist motor, but you can also step right into both pedals without lifting a leg over the frame. The step-thru electric bikes are ideal for men and women wearing business attire, skirts, coats and ties, and tight trousers. The step-thru e-bikes are also great for those recovering from leg or foot injuries – or only for those who like to make their lives easy. 

Price range: $2000 - $6000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance motor
  • Can travel up to 25 mph
  • Easy to take on and off the bike

Featured product:

Our best-seller cargo electric bike is the BTN E-Bike 48V 12.5Ah Folding Step-Thru Fat Tire Electric Bike E-FAT-STEP (as seen on the image). The BTN E-Bike 48V 12.5Ah Folding Step-Thru Fat Tire Electric Bike E-FAT-STEP features a 500W high-torque rear hub motor, paired with a 48V/12.5Ah lithium-ion battery. This long-range battery can quickly be removed from the bike to take with you or for remote charging.

Hunting Electric Bikes

The hunting electric bikes are a relatively new type of electric bike, which has only been around for quite a few years. But today, electric hunting bikes are becoming popular and in demand as one of the most suitable e-bikes for daily use. The electric bikes have many applications in our everyday routines, but an electric hunting bike is made exclusively for hunting. All the features of the hunting electric bike would allow you to enhance your hunting skills and reach your best potential. 

Price range: $1000 - $5000

 

Powerful features:

  • Powerful for the most rugged trails
  • Extreme bike performance and great for long-distance travels
  • Bring them anywhere without worrying about losing range

Featured product: 

In this segment, our best-seller is the Rambo Bikes The Rebel 48V 14.5Ah Cruiser Electric Hunting Bike 1000 XPC. The Rambo Bikes The Rebel 48V 14.5Ah Cruiser Electric Hunting Bike 1000 XPC ( as seen in the image) have special features that are designed for outdoor use, which includes 48-volt power pack and a powerful 1000W brushless Bafang BBSHD motor, with a peak power rating of 1500W, features a custom-built, 6061 aluminum frame, 26 inch rim and 4.8 inches Maxxis Minion fat tire.

Electric Trikes

An electric trike, also known as an e-trike or electric tricycle, is a bicycle with three wheels, with a built-in electric motor offering pedal-assist power for the rider. The type of pedal-assist in an electric trike has two kinds, a front-wheel hub-mounted motor or a mid-mounted motor, which is installed into the pedal and crank area of the trike frame. Electric tricycles improved the conditions of the traditional tricycle design by adding an electric motor to the drivetrain. With each pedaling, the motor kicks in to give an added burst of power to your speed. In some electric trikes models, you could choose to ride the tricycle without pedaling at all, allowing the motor to do the work much like an electric scooter. 

Price range: $2000 - $7000

 

Powerful features:

  • High-performance motor
  • Can travel up to 20 mph
  • Stable and reliable for daily use


Featured product: 

In this segment, our best-seller is the EMOJO Caddy Pro Fat Tire Electric Trike. The new Caddy Pro (seen in the image) is upgraded with a 7-speed transmission to tackle any hill and a pleasant and comfortable seat with a backrest. It is a fantastic choice for seniors because it provides the best stability of any E-Bike on the market. You can comfortably cruise around in style on the street, the beach, or extensive trails. The reliable Kenda fat tires, Tektro hydraulic disc brakes, and aluminum frame make this a super value electric three-wheeler.

Electric Bikes: Parts And Accessories

As we said before, the electric bike looks like a normal bike, a traditional frame made up of rims, tires, helmets, saddles, handles, forks, and more. The difference between an e-bike and a normal bike is the addition of a hydraulic framework, a battery, a control mechanism, and a sensor, an electric motor, the brake, and a pedal sensor. The additional parts and accessories of electric bikes can be also categorized into different kinds. To further discuss the differences, here are the parts you need to look for. View our guides if you need more details about electric bike accessories.

Motors

Electric motors come in two main fixtures – the mounted motor frame and the mounted motor hub. The mounted motor frame is connected to the central frame framework while the mounted motor hub is mounted to the wheel hub.

Frame-Mounted Motor

A frame-mounted motor is the most common electrical bike installation and is considered to be better, as it can specifically calculate how hard you 're actually pedaling with each pedal stroke. As a result, a fixed amount of extra assistance will be given on the basis of the initiative you put forward, and the preferred assistance environment as first mentioned. The pedal-assist system disables automatically when not in service, saving the battery life of the unit.

Mounted Hub Motor

As described before, the mounted hub motor is connected to the wheel hub, where the power is transferred via the chain to the wheel. Front hub engines are unusual in that they are not directly connected to the pedaling drive train, instead of depending on being moved to enable and provide their own assistance. Positioning often gives the illusion that the engine of the hub is pushing the wheel.

Wheel Size

There are several different types of electric bike wheels on the market today. You will find bikes that are fitted with everything from tiny 12-inch wheels to giant 29-inch wheels. Many electric bike wheels range from 16 inches, 20 inches, 24 inches, or 26-inch diameter wheels. The 16-inch electric bike wheel is usually used on folding electric bikes. Such types of electric bikes are lightweight and built to be folded together so that they can be transported easily. The 20-inch electric bike frame, identical to the 16-inch wheels, is most commonly used on folding electric bikes. The 24-inch or 26-inch wheels are the most common wheel size you'll find on an electric bike. Including mountain bikes to road bikes and beach cruisers, a 24-inch or 26-inch wheel is the industry standard for electric bikes.

Electric Bike Battery

The electric bike battery is what gives the engine power and one of the most expensive items to be found on a typical electric bike. There are many different kinds of electric bike batteries which include lead-acid types, nickel-cadmium types, nickel-metal hydride types, and lithium-ion batteries. 

Lead-acid types are the most common type of bicycle battery. These batteries are favorable to most manufacturers because they are cheap and easy to recycle.  The nickel-cadmium battery is much larger because it can hold twice the charge when compared to the lead-acid battery. You could get more run time and a longer-lasting battery compared to lead-acid batteries. The nickel-metal hydride battery is much more efficient than the lead-acid and nickel-cadmium batteries, but this extra feature will cost more than any of them. Lithium-ion batteries are taking over the world of cycling. Almost all of the items that need the batteries are of this type. Lithium-ion batteries have been the absolute game-changers in e-bikes and many other industries. 

Electric Bike Controller

The electric bike controller is one of the key parts of the electric bike, it's the brain of the e-bike, regulating the speed of the engine, starting, stopping. The electric bike controller is linked to all other electronic components, such as the battery, the engine, and the throttle, the monitor, or other speed sensors.

The core function of an electric bike controller is to take all the inputs from all the electric components which include throttle, speed sensor, display, battery, and motor, then return the signal to implement the control. Other multiple protection functions of the controller will be different from the controller's design. 

  1. Defense against over-voltage. The controller tracks the battery voltage and shuts down the engine when the battery voltage is too high. The overvoltage device prevents the battery from overcharging.
  2. Protection of low voltage. The controller controls the battery voltage and shuts down the engine when the battery voltage is too low. Low voltage controllers prevent the battery from over-discharge.
  3. Protection of over-temperature. The controller controls the temperature of the field-effect transistor and shuts down the engine if it gets too hot.
  4. Overcurrent security. Reduce the current to the engine if too much current is supplied, which protects both the engine and the field-effect transistors.
  5. Protection of the brakes. The engine shut down while braking, even though the controller took other signals at the same time.

Electric Bike Braking System

Electric bicycles have several options when it comes to the brake system. Usually, e-bikes are equipped with one of three standard types or a combination, being disc brakes, roller brakes, or rim brakes.

Benefits of an Electric Bike

The main goal of this guide is to help you look for the electric bike that you would love and have as much fun as possible, and will allow you to tackle whatever terrain you want. Since there are so many kinds of electric bikes on the market, choosing just one type can be challenging. Before you finalize your decision, here are the advantages and benefits of owning one.

  1. Electric bikes have a battery-powered pedal-assist system, which helps you in propelling the electric bike, giving boosts for every step on the pedals. The assist system also helps by reducing the muscle strain, stress, and impact on your knees, thighs, legs, and joints. 
  2. The electric bikes are able to run long distances without exerting too much effort.
  3. The electric bike will help you be healthy by building up your stamina and keeping your body in shape.
  4. Using an electric city bicycle daily is a cost-effective way of transportation, reducing your transportation expenses while reducing carbon emissions.
  5. The electric bike is part of a greener means of transportation, which has lower pollution particles when compared to cars and motorcycles
  6. The electric bikes have a vast range, allowing you to drive for long distances and hours.
  7. You could pass through different terrains with ease, using an electric bike.
  8. Many models of electric bikes are easy to handle and maneuver.

Conclusion

If you're a casual driver, a day-to-day commuter, or a pro-cyclist, having the best electric bike on the road will make a big difference. You should look for the highest quality and affordable versions you'd like in your adventures. You should also review all the information and specifics about the models and variants of your chosen electric bikes. Having a list, which also helps you narrow down your options, without thinking about the costs, and gives you satisfaction at the end of your purchases. The selection of your preferred e-bike will also give you peace of mind and contentment every time you travel. We hope that, with the aid of this post, we'll give you insights into what you need to buy and get. If you still need some tips, please check out our selection page to help you out.

If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions? Or would you like us to help you in your quest for the best electric bike on the market today? Don't forget to look at our different collections, and you might find the best electric bike suited for your needs and preferences. A lot of versions and variations of modern e-bikes are on sale right now, so make sure you get the chance. Don't worry about it, if you have questions and concerns about electric bikes. Just send us a message, and we would be happy to answer your questions!


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